Surgical Removal of Mirena IUD
Mirena is an intrauterine contraceptive device that releases the hormone levonorgestrel into the uterus and lasts for up to five years. Bayer Pharmaceuticals markets Mirena as a safe and hassle-free form of birth control, but the FDA has received more than 45,000 reports regarding medical complications associated with Mirena. Some of the medical problems are so severe, that women must undergo surgical removal of their Mirena IUD in order to prevent further damage from occurring. Even after surgery is performed, continuing complications and permanent injuries are possible.
There are certain circumstances that warrant surgical removal of Mirena IUD and/or additional surgery to correct resulting damage inflicted by the device.
Surgery may be necessary in connection with certain Mirena IUD side effects including
- Perforation of the uterus
- Intestinal perforation
- Migration of the Mirena IUD within the body
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Ectopic pregnancy
Perforation of the uterus may occur while the healthcare provider is inserting the device into the body or if the device moves out of its proper position. When the uterus is pierced, Mirena can get lost in the abdominal cavity and puncture other nearby organs such as the bladder or intestines. Mirena IUD problems also include pelvic inflammatory disease, embedment in the uterine wall, and sepsis.
Even though Mirena is advertised as more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy, the chances of getting pregnant increase if Mirena is not functioning properly or of the device migrates from its original position.
Life-threatening pregnancy complications include having an ectopic or tubal pregnancy, miscarriage, septic abortion, premature labor, and premature delivery. Some may be unable to have children in the future after experiencing complications such as these.
Side effects of Mirena IUD surgical removal
If you sustain serious medical complications, your doctor may recommend that the device be removed immediately. Under normal conditions, the physician uses forceps to gently pull on the threads located at the end of the IUD until it is completely removed from the uterus. If there are no additional complications, the menstrual cycle and fertility should be restored within one or two months after IUD removal.
Surgical removal of the Mirena IUD may be warranted if the device becomes embedded in the uterine wall or damages surrounding internal organs. Surgery may also be required if a woman is pregnant or experiencing other serious health risks related to the intrauterine device.
Prior to surgery, the physician will order x-rays or other diagnostic tests in order to locate the device if it is has migrated. Multiple surgeries may be required if the physician has difficulty removing the IUD or finds out that the damage to the uterus and organs is more extensive than expected. Some patients need additional medical treatment if they continue to suffer from any recurring health problems after the surgery is performed.
Complications associated with surgical removal of Mirena IUD:
- Urinary tract infection
- Severe abdominal pain
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding or irregular menstrual periods
- Pain during intercourse
FDA weighs in on Mirena advertising practices
Mirena has been on the European market since 1991. American women have had access to it since the FDA approved the device in 2000.
In 2009, the FDA sent a warning letter to Mirena manufacturer Bayer about its marketing of the device. Specifically, the agency said that Bayer “overstates the efficacy of MIrena, presents unsubstantiated claims, minimized the risk of using Mirena, and includes false or misleading presentations regarding Mirena.”
Though the company did in fact comply with the federal warning and update its ad campaign, countless women had already began using their IUD based on the influence of the earlier campaign. Surprised by an unexpected uterine perforation or surgical removal of their Mirena IUD, many of these women have begun to lead the legal charge against Bayer Pharmaceuticals.
Over 8 % of American women choose some kind of long-term birth control method such as an IUD, and the device manufactured by Bayer is an extremely popular option.
Women who have suffered severe Mirena IUD problems are asserting their rights by filing Mirena lawsuits against Bayer Pharmaceuticals. The lawsuits allege that Bayer Pharmaceuticals designed a defective device, failed to conduct sufficient clinical studies to verify if the device was safe for patients to use, and failed to inform consumers about the dangerous medical risks.
Other allegations accuse Bayer Pharmaceuticals of misleading consumers about the effectiveness and safety of the device in its advertising and promotional materials. The plaintiffs are seeking damages for medical expenses, lost wages, diminished quality of life and pain and suffering. It is expected that Mirena lawsuits will continue to be filed all over the country.
- Mirena, http://www.drugs.com/pro/mirena.html
- Mirena Crash: The Mirena IUD Side Effects After Removal, http://www.everythingmom.com/health/mirena-crash-the-mirena-iud-side-effects-after-removal.html
- Livestrong: Mirena Removal & Progesterone, http://www.livestrong.com/article/491785-mirena-removal-progesterone/